What is Incident Management Lifecycle?

In the information technology (IT) world, incidents are unavoidable and can impact the availability and performance of IT services and everyday operations. Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) and similar frameworks and processes help organisations deal with and resolve such incidents. Incident Management is an essential component of the IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) to minimise disruption to business operations and swiftly return service operations to normal.

In this blog, you can learn about the ITIL Incident Management lifecycle, its steps, and how it helps keep IT services high-quality. Suppose you want to resolve incidents quickly and keep their impact on your business to a minimum; you can join ITIL Courses and understand how the Incident Management lifecycle works.

Table Of Contents

  • Overview of Incident Management Lifecycle
  • Best Practices in ITIL Incident Management
  • Conclusion

Overview of Incident Management Lifecycle

Incident Identification

Finding an incident is the first step in the Incident Management lifecycle. Users can report incidents, monitoring tools can detect them, or proactive IT management practices can identify them. It doesn’t matter where it comes from or how bad it is; what matters is that it disrupts or threatens to disrupt regular service operations.

Incident Logging

After an incident has been found, it is crucial to record all the details in a centralised location, like a ticketing system or an incident management system. The type of incident, how it affected services, and the first diagnostic steps taken should all be recorded. The correct documentation and tracking of incidents throughout their resolution process is ensured by logging them.

Incident Categorisation and Prioritization

After an incident has been recorded, it is classified according to its type, effect, and level of urgency. Incidents can be more efficiently routed to the right support teams and given the attention they need according to their severity when classified. To further reduce the impact on the company, prioritisation aids in efficiently allocating resources, allowing for the prompt resolution of critical incidents.

Initial Diagnosis and Escalation

After an incident has been prioritised and sorted into categories, the following step is to identify the root cause of the incident and possible ways to resolve it. This might necessitate consulting with specialists, reviewing system logs, or troubleshooting. Escalation to higher-level support groups or management may occur if the incident cannot be resolved within predefined timeframes or if the support team does not possess the required expertise.

Incident Resolution

Incident Management’s principal goal is getting services back to normal as soon as possible, known as incident resolution. Resolving the incident may require restoring services from backups, applying fixes or patches, or implementing temporary workarounds, depending on its nature and complexity. Communication is critical throughout the resolution process to keep stakeholders and users informed of developments and manage expectations.

Closure and Documentation

Formally closing the incident in the Incident Management system and documenting all pertinent details, including resolution steps and lessons learned, is done once the incident is resolved. Finally, closing the incident record makes it complete and ready for analysis, reference, and future improvements.

Incident Review and Analysis

Following the incident’s closure, it is crucial to analyse and review the incident to determine the cause, any underlying problems or trends, and possible preventative actions. By looking back, we can strengthen our incident response procedures, make our services more resilient, and reduce the chances of a repeat.

Best Practices in ITIL Incident Management

  • The incident management team members, such as the liaisons for communication, technical support personnel, and incident coordinators, must have their duties defined.
  • Make sure there are robust systems to detect and monitor incidents so you can handle possible problems before they get worse.
  • Identify, log, classify, prioritise, resolve, and close incidents according to defined and documented standard operating procedures (SOPs).
  • Encourage support teams to work together and share information to resolve incidents quickly and make improvements on the go.
  • Simplify and improve the efficiency of incident management processes by utilising automation and technological tools like ticketing systems, monitoring tools, and incident management software.
  • To guarantee that the incident management team members have the knowledge and abilities to deal with incidents effectively, they should participate in regular training and ITIL courses.


An essential part of IT service management is the Incident Management lifecycle, which provides a systematic way to find, rank, fix, and record incidents to keep IT services running smoothly and minimise their impact on the business. Organisations can respond to incidents, maintain service quality, and meet stakeholder needs by understanding and implementing best practices related to the Incident Management lifecycle. For more information, you can check this page: The Knowledge Academy